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 Kidney Cancer Treatments

Understanding Kidney Cancer Treatments What You Need to Know


Kidney cancer is called abnormal cell growth and excess in the part of the patient's kidney that produces urine and in the part where urine is collected.

Many people around the world wonder if is kidney cancer curable becausethe  kidneys are very vital organs in the human body. They play an important role in the excretion of metabolism residues such as uric acid, creatinine, and urea in the blood. They are also responsible for the distribution of minerals such as potassium, salt, and magnesium, and essential components such as protein, glucose, and water.

The kidney cell renin is secreted when a person's blood pressure drops or the sodium content in the blood decreases. In addition, the hormone erythroprotein is also secreted when the oxygen in the blood decreases. Through these actions, the kidneys are also involved in the production of blood cells. Kidney cancer, specifically renal cell carcinoma, is a serious medical condition that requires prompt attention and effective treatment. When diagnosed, it's essential to explore the available treatments to make informed decisions regarding the patients' health.


What are the Symptoms of Kidney Cancer?


Kidney cancer is a formidable adversary that often lurks silently in the body. Detecting it early can be challenging, but understanding the potential symptoms is crucial for timely diagnosis and treatment. Here are some common symptoms to be aware of:


  • Blood in urine (Hematuria).
  • Pain or discomfort.
  • Lump or mass.
  • Fatigue.
  • Unintended weight loss.


It's essential to note that these renal cancer symptoms can also be attributed to other health conditions, and having one or more of them does not necessarily mean a person has kidney cancer. However, if the patient notices any of these signs persisting for an extended period or if they are severe, it's crucial to consult with a healthcare professional. Early detection of kidney cancer can significantly improve treatment outcomes.

Many people are curious about the causes of kidney cancer. It can be caused by many different factors which include lifestyle, excessive smoking and alcohol consumption, and age factors. Whether  kidney cancer is hereditary or not is also a popular question. Genetic inheritance is also one of the causes of this disease.


What are the Stages of Kidney Cancer?


Kidney cancer, similar to various other forms of cancer, undergoes staging to assess its spread and provide guidance for treatment decisions. Staging is a crucial process that enables doctors to gauge the disease's severity and anticipate its behavior.. The stages of kidney cancer are generally classified using the TNM system, which specifies the size and extent of the tumor (T), the involvement of nearby lymph nodes (N), and the presence of distant metastasis (M). Determining the stages of kidney cancer is very important for a successful treatment.

Stage 1 kidney cancer symptoms can be easily understood. In this period, the tumor is small, measuring 7 centimeters (cm) or less in its greatest dimension. It is limited to the kidney and has not spread beyond the kidney's fibrous covering. In stage II, the tumor is larger than 7 cm but still limited to the kidney and has not extended beyond the fibrous tissue surrounding the kidney.

When it comes to stage 3, the kidney tumour may be any size and may extend into major veins or invade the adrenal gland or perinephric tissues, but it is still contained within the fibrous tissue surrounding the kidney. It has grown beyond Gerota's fascia, the fibrous tissue surrounding the kidney, and may involve nearby structures, such as the adrenal gland or nearby organs. Patients ask where does kidney cancer spread to first, and the answer is the lung and lymph nodes.

Kidney cancer stage 4 may be fatal and it is very important that treatment is carried out well. The tumor may be any size and may or may not have invaded nearby structures. However, it has spread to nearby lymph nodes (N1) but has not yet metastasized to distant organs (M0). Renal cancer in this stage indicates that the tumour on kidney may be any size and may or may not have invaded nearby structures but it has metastasized to distant organs. Kidney cancer metastatic is common at this stage. Distant organs commonly affected by metastasis in kidney cancer include the lungs, bones, and brain.


How is Kidney Cancer Treatment Performed?


One of the primary methods to address kidney cancer is surgery. Besides various types of surgeries, there are targeted therapy, radiation therapy, and other procedures designed to remove the cancer or manage its growth.

The extent and location of the cancer often determine the type of surgical approach required. The two common surgical procedures for kidney cancer are partial nephrectomy and radical nephrectomy. Partial nephrectomy is a procedure in which only the cancerous portion of the kidney is removed.

This technique is often preferred when the cancer is small or located in a way that allows for precise removal. With a small incision, a surgeon can carefully excise the tumor while preserving as much healthy kidney tissue as possible. This approach minimizes the impact on kidney function.

On the other hand, radical nephrectomy involves the removal of the entire affected kidney, as well as surrounding tissues, and sometimes even nearby lymph nodes. This approach is chosen when the cancer has spread to freeze the cancer cells to other parts of the body or when it is too large for partial removal.


Targeted Therapy for Kidney Cancer


In addition to surgery, immunotherapy has emerged as a promising treatment option for renal cell cancer. This approach involves using drugs or other substances to kill cancer cells by targeting specific molecules that play a crucial role in cancer growth. Targeted therapies can be particularly effective in cases where the cancer has spread or when surgery alone is not sufficient.

While surgery and targeted therapy are common treatment methods, radiation therapy is another tool in the fight against kidney cancer. It involves the use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy can be used in combination with surgery or as a standalone treatment, depending on the specific circumstances of the case.

The importance of early diagnosis should not be forgotten. At stage 4 kidney cancer life expectancy is low. Kidney cancer survival rates is another wonder topic. However, even experts can not say the exact number. It's important to consult with a health professional who specializes in kidney cancer to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your unique situation. Each treatment option has its own set of potential side effects. Health International can help you weigh the risks and benefits. Please reach us via our contact information.

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