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Brachytherapy is a method used to raise local control of the disorder by increasing the dose of radiation applied to the tumor before and after external radiotherapy.  It may also be used on its own for curative purposes in patients with cases suitable for such a treatment.


In brachytherapy, radioactive sources are placed within the tumor and target tissues with unique methods allowing for a more limited does is provided.


Techniques used in the application of Radiation Oncology are:


  • IGRT: Image Guided Radiation Therapy
  • IMRT: Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy
  • Conformal Radiotherapy: 3D Conformal Radiotherapy
  • SRT / SRS: Stereotactic Radiotherapy / Stereotactic Radiosurgery


Fields of Application for Radiotherapy


Depending on the condition of the disease, it is possible to separate radiotherapy into two main groups:


  • Curative Radiotherapy : According to the available information on the disease, curative radiotherapy is applied in cases where the disease can be completely treated.  This can be applied alone with surgery or chemotherapy or both together.
  • Palliative Radiotherapy : Applied in cases where it is not possible to completely eradicate the disease.  The objective in palliative radiotherapy is to prevent and relieve the suffering of the patient while improving the quality of life for those facing serious, complex illnesses.